late goldenrod

(Solidago altissima)

shorthair goldenrod












Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 7, 28, 29, 30.

  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  


Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Astereae (asters and allies)  
  Subtribe Solidagininae  
  Genus Solidago (goldenrods)  
  Subgenus Pleiactila  
  Section Unilaterales  
  Subsection Triplinerviae  

Some sources, including NCBI and UniProt, classify classify late goldenrod as Solidago canadensis var. scabra. Other sources, including GRIN, ITIS, The Plant List, The Global Compositae Database, The Global Compositae Checklist, and most other sources, classify it as Solidago altissima. According to FNA, two factors argue for distinguishing this plant at the species level. First, young plants can appear grayish-green due to short hairs on the leaves, a character not seen in Solidago canadensis. Second, the goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis) produces large galls on both supspecies of this plant but not on Solidago canadensis.


Subordinate Taxa


shorthair goldenrod (Solidago altissima var. gilvocanescens)

tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima ssp. altissima)




Solidago altissima var. pluricephala

Solidago altissima var. procera

Solidago canadensis var. scabra

Solidago hirsutissima

Solidago lunellii


Common Names


Canada goldenrod

late goldenrod











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  Tall Goldenrod
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Tall Goldenrod  

Salidago altissima

  Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)
Allen Chartier
  Solidago altissima (Tall Goldenrod)  



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Other Videos
  Tall Goldenrod, Solidago altissima

Uploaded on Oct 17, 2010

This is one of the tallest Solidago species of North America. Contrary to internet sources it gets taller than 8' tall. The tallest cane here measured over 10' tall. Unfortunately they are prone to falling over and are aggressive at spreading through root suckers. They flower from October into November here, perhaps sooner or later depending on climate.

Bees of all sorts use this plant as one last food source before winter sets in. This includes what are likely next years bumblebee queens, not to be confused with Resin Bees, and Large Carpenter Bees.




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Avon Hills Forest SNA, North Unit

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Bertram Chain of Lakes Regional Park

Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA

Blanket Flower Prairie SNA

Cambria WMA

Camden State Park

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carver Highlands WMA, South Unit

Cedar Mountain SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Clifton E. French Regional Park

Compass Prairie SNA

Cottonwood River Prairie SNA

Crow-Hassan Park Reserve

Crystal Spring SNA

Falls Creek SNA

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes Preserve

Glacial Lakes State Park

Gneiss Outcrops SNA

Greenwater Lake SNA

Holthe Prairie SNA

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Hythecker Prairie SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Jensen Memorial WMA

John Peter Hoffman Spring Brook Valley WMA

Joseph A. Tauer Prairie SNA

Kasota Prairie SNA

Keller Regional Park

Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Kellogg Weaver Unit

Kilen Woods State Park

Lake Byllesby Regional Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Langhei Prairie SNA

Leif Mountain

Lost Valley Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

McKnight Prairie

Minneopa State Park

Morton Outcrops SNA

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Myre-Big Island State Park

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Hoffman Unit

Northern Tallgrass Prairie NWR, Rengstorf Unit

Old Mill State Park

Oronoco Prairie SNA

Osmundson Prairie SNA

Otter Tail Prairie SNA

Pankratz Memorial Prairie, North Unit

Pembina Trail Preserve SNA, Pembina Trail Unit

Pilot Knob

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

Plover Prairie, East Unit

Potato Lake SNA

Prairie Creek WMA, Koester Prairie Unit

Racine Prairie SNA

Red Rock Prairie

Ritter Farm Park

River Terrace Prairie SNA

River Warren Outcrops SNA

Rock Ridge Prairie SNA

Rockville County Park

St. Croix Savanna SNA

Sakatah Lake State Park

Sand Prairie Wildlife Management and Environmental Education Area

Sandpiper Prairie SNA

Santee Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Schaefer Prairie

Sedan Brook SNA

Seven Sisters Prairie

Seven Springs WMA

Shooting Star Prairie SNA

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Staffanson Prairie

Strandness Prairie

Sunfish Lake Park

Tamarack Nature Center

Thompson County Park

Tiedemann WMA

Town Hall Prairie

Townsend Woods SNA

Tribute WMA

Twin Valley Prairie Addition

Tympanuchus Prairie

Valley View Park

Vermillion Highlands Research Recreation and WMA

Vermillion River WMA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Wild Indigo SNA

William O’Brien State Park

Woodland Trails Regional Park

Yellow Bank Hills SNA

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA







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