Greenwater Lake SNA

 

 

     
 
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Overview

 
 

Greenwater Lake SNA is 815 acres of second-growth mixed hardwood and coniferous forest with many small wetlands and the 81-acre Greenwater Lake. It is on the White Earth Indian Reservation and is bordered on the north and west by Becker County Forest land. The lake is fed by a stream to the north and is mostly surrounded by forested hills. The shoreline is undeveloped. A 1.8-mile section of the North Country National Scenic Trail passes through the SNA.

Thirteen native plant communities have been identified on Greenwater Lake SNA. A survey in 1980 found 34 butterfly species here, including eastern pine elfin, green-veined white, and Appalachian brown.

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

Detail map (MN DNR)

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
 

Complete

     
  Printable map      
         
 

North Section

 

South Section

 
  Printable map   Printable map  
         
 

Size

 
 

815 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

Park in the parking lot for the North Country National Scenic Trail on the south side of County Road 35.

N46 59.063, W95 29.420

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

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          Becker County  
          Northwest Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

A 1.8-mile section of the North Country National Scenic Trail passes through the site. A section of Winter Wonderland Trails, a Becker Co. Parks & Recreation snowmobile trail, passes through the southwest corner of the site.

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

No hunting

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

   
  Ecological Section    

Northern Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Pine Moraines & Outwash Plains

   
  Land Type Association    

Park Rapids Sand Plain

Round Lake Sand Plain

Shell Lake Moraine

Two Inlets Moraine

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Alder - (Maple - Loosestrife) Swamp

Aspen - (Sugar Maple - Basswood) Forest

Beaver Wetland Complex

Black Ash - Mountain Maple Swamp (Northern)

Jack Pine - (Bush Honeysuckle) Woodland

Marsh-Open Water Complex

Meadow - Marsh - Fen-Swamp Complex

Oak - Aspen Forest

Oak - Aspen - Red Maple Forest

Red Pine - White Pine Forest

Rich Fen (Peatland)

Sedge Meadow

Sugar Maple - Basswood - (Aspen) Forest

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surrounding Area

Greenwater Lake SNA is on the White Earth Indian Reservation. It is bordered on the north and west by Becker County Forest land.

           
 
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Parking

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA   Greenwater Lake SNA  
           
 

Wood Routed Sign

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA      
           
 

North Country National Scenic Trail

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA   Greenwater Lake SNA  
           
 

Greenwater Lake

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA   Greenwater Lake SNA  
           
 

Oak - Aspen - Red Maple Forest

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA   Greenwater Lake SNA  
           
 

Sugar Maple - Basswood - (Aspen) Forest

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA   Greenwater Lake SNA  
           
 

Beaver Wetland Complex

 
    Greenwater Lake SNA      

 

Camera

     
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/16/2011

  8/9/2016            
 
 

Amphibians

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Amphibians and Reptiles List

 
  wood frog (Rana sylvatica)   wood frog  
 

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Pathogens

 
         
 

Birds

 
 

Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

Purple Martin (Progne subis)

Trumpeter Swan (Cygnus buccinator)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist

 
 

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Red-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta canadensis)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

 

Blue Jay

White-breasted Nuthatch

 
 

Fishes

 
 

One fish species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Special Concern

least darter (Etheostoma microperca)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Fishes List

 
         
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

American Starburst Lichen (Imshaugia placorodia)

Common Greenshield Lichen (Flavoparmelia caperata)

Crown-tipped Coral (Artomyces pyxidatus)

Frost’s Amanita (Amanita frostiana)

Golden Chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius)

Hen of the Woods (Grifola frondosa)

Hexagonal-pored Polypore (Neofavolus alveolaris)

Hintapink (Russula paludosa)

Jellied False Coral Fungus (Sebacina schweinitzii)

Lobster Mushroom (Hypomyces lactifluorum)

Old Man of the Woods (Strobilomyces strobilaceus)

Phyllosticta Leaf Spot (Mycosphoerello fraxinicola)

Purple Bordered Leaf Spot (Phyllosticta minima)

Rock Greenshield Lichen (Flavoparmelia baltimorensis)

Short-stemmed Russula (Russula brevipes)

Strict-branched Coral Fungus (Ramaria stricta)

Sunburst Lichen (Xanthoria sp.)

True Tinder Polypore (Fomes fomentarius)

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

Violet-toothed Polypore (Trichaptum biforme)

 

Golden Chanterelle

Jellied False Coral Fungus

Old Man of the Woods

True Tinder Polypore

Turkey Tail

 
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

American carrion beetle (Necrophila americana)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

maple spindle-gall mite (Vasates aceriscrumena)

  American carrion beetle  
 

Mammals

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List

 
 

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  American red squirrel  
 

Plants

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Alder - (Maple - Loosestrife) Swamp FPn73a

Aspen - (Sugar Maple - Basswood) Forest MHc37a

Black Ash - Mountain Maple Swamp (Northern) WFn55c

Jack Pine - (Bush Honeysuckle) Woodland FDc24a

Oak - Aspen Forest FDc34b

Oak - Aspen - Red Maple Forest MHc26a

Red Pine - White Pine Forest FDc34a

Rich Fen (Peatland) OPp91b

Sedge Meadow WMn82b

Sugar Maple - Basswood - (Aspen) Forest MHc37b

     
 

 

Allegheny monkeyflower (Mimulus ringens var. ringens)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American spikenard (Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa)

American spurred gentian (Halenia deflexa ssp. deflexa)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

American willow herb (Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

black ash (Fraxinus nigra)

black spruce (Picea mariana)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade (Circaea canadensis ssp. canadensis)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

calico aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)

Canada lettuce (Lactuca canadensis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus var. albus)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

devil’s beggarticks (Bidens frondosa)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern bottlebrush grass (Elymus hystrix var. hystrix)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

fringed brome (Bromus ciliatus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

great water dock (Rumex britannica)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hairy honeysuckle (Lonicera hirsuta)

hairy Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum pubescens)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

heal-all (Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris)

hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Indianpipe (Monotropa uniflora)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

Lindley’s aster (Symphyotrichum ciliolatum)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium)

Maryland black snakeroot (Sanicula marilandica)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus)

northern bush honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

Pennsylvania buttercup (Ranunculus pensylvanicus)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

purple meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

purple-stem aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes)

round-leaved dogwood (Cornus rugosa)

round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana)

sharp-lobed hepatica (Anemone acutiloba)

spinulose wood fern (Dryopteris carthusiana)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

sweet Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium purpureum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

water horsetail (Equisetum fluviatile)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild parsnip (Pastinaca sativa)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

willow herb (Epilobium sp.)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Anemone acutiloba (sharp-lobed hepatica)

Anemone americana (round-lobed hepatica)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa (American spikenard)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Bidens frondosa (devil’s beggarticks)

Bromus ciliatus (fringed brome)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Circaea canadensis ssp. canadensis (broadleaf enchanter’s nightshade)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cornus rugosa (round-leaved dogwood)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Diervilla lonicera (northern bush honeysuckle)

Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern)

Elymus hystrix var. hystrix (eastern bottlebrush grass)

Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum (American willow herb)

Epilobium sp. (willow herb)

Equisetum fluviatile (water horsetail)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Eutrochium purpureum (sweet Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus nigra (black ash)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Halenia deflexa ssp. deflexa (American spurred gentian)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Lactuca canadensis (Canada lettuce)

Lonicera hirsuta (hairy honeysuckle)

Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mimulus ringens var. ringens (Allegheny monkeyflower)

Monotropa uniflora (Indianpipe)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Picea mariana (black spruce)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon’s seal)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris (heal-all)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ranunculus pensylvanicus (Pennsylvania buttercup)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rumex britannica (great water dock)

Sanicula marilandica (Maryland black snakeroot)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Streptopus lanceolatus var. longipipes (rose twisted-stalk)

Symphoricarpos albus var. albus (common snowberry)

Symphyotrichum ciliolatum (Lindley’s aster)

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum (calico aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum (purple-stem aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (purple meadow-rue)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

 

Allegheny monkeyflower

American spikenard

American vetch

balsam fir

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

Canada mayflower

Canadian honewort

common blue violet

common false Solomon’s seal

downy yellow violet (var. pubescens)

fragrant bedstraw

golden alexanders

harebell

heal-all

large-flowered bellwort

Lindley’s aster

lowbush blueberry

paleleaf woodland sunflower

poke milkweed

prairie rose

red clover

round-lobed hepatica

sharp-lobed hepatica

purple meadow-rue

tall thimbleweed

white campion

wild columbine

wild geranium

yellow marsh marigold

yellow sweet clover

 

 

 

Binoculars


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