coral hairstreak

(Satyrium titus)

Conservation Status
coral hairstreak
Photo by Dan W. Andree
  IUCN Red List

not listed


N4N5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

S4S5 - Apparently Secure to Secure


not listed


Coral hairstreak is a small to medium-sized butterfly with a wingspan of to 1¼.

The upperside of both wings is dark brown. However, this butterfly perches with wings closed and is rarely seen from above.

The underside of both wings is light brownish-gray. The forewing has a faint submarginal row of black and/or orange spots, a postmedian band of small black spots ringed with white, and a short, broken, ill-defined, medial stripe. The hindwing is not tailed. It has a postmedian band of small black spots ringed with white, and a prominent marginal row of eight orange spots. The orange spots are small and well separated. There is no blue eyespot near the outer angle.

The eyes are black.

The antennae are black-and-white striped with a orange-tipped club.

The caterpillar is wide, somewhat flattened, and short, no more than 1 long. The head is small, black, and shiny. It is retracted into the thorax except when feeding. The thorax and abdomen are densely covered with short downy hairs. The thorax is yellowish-green to green with an ill-defined red patch in the middle of the upper (dorsal) surface. The abdomen is mostly yellowish-green to green. Abdominal segments 1, 7, and 8 have an ill-defined, red, dorsal patch. Abdominal segments 9 and 10 are all or mostly red. There is a thin, dark green dorsal stripe extending from abdominal segments 2 to 7. Mature caterpillars are found from May to June.




Wingspan: to 1¼


Similar Species


This is the only hairstreak in Minnesota with no tail on the hindwing.

Acadian hairstreak (Satyrium acadica) wing undersides are gray, not brownish-gray. The submarginal band of spots on the forewing is well-defined, not faded. The hindwings are tailed and have a blue eyespot near the outer angle. The orange spots on the hindwing are large and are connected or nearly connected. The medial stripe is unbroken and well-defined.


Brushy fields, meadows, forest edges, roadsides; wherever host plants occur.




One brood: late June to early August




Caterpillars hide in leaf litter or at the base of a host plant during the day. They emerge at night to feed on leaves and fruits.


Life Cycle


The female lays eggs singly, usually on a new twig of a host plant, sometimes in leaf litter where new growth is expected. The eggs overwinter and hatch in the spring. The larva molts 4 times before pupating.


Larva Hosts


American plum (Prunus americana), black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina), chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana), juneberry (Amelanchier spp.), and other trees and shrubs in the Rosaceae (rose) family.


Adult Food


Flower nectar, especially butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior) and spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium), but also common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca), swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata), clover (Trifolium spp.), sweet clover (Melilotus spp.), white meadowsweet (Spiraea alba), strawberry (Fragaria spp.), blackberry (Rubus spp.), black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta), and spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe ssp. micranthos).


Distribution Map



20, 21, 24, 29, 71.







Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)  


Papilionoidea (butterflies)  


Lycaenidae (gossamer-winged butterflies)  


Theclinae (hairstreak butterflies)  


  Subtribe Eumaeina  


  Subgenus Satyrium  





Common Names


coral hairstreak












The life stage of some insects undergoing transformation. In caterpillars, the chrysalis.























Visitor Photos

Share your photo of this insect.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

Dan W. Andree


Coral Hairstreak...

    coral hairstreak      
    coral hairstreak      

Maureen Burkle


Coral Hairstreak Butterfly - Olmsted County

    coral hairstreak   coral hairstreak  

Dave Schmiginsky


photographed in CRP among a wide variety of grasses and wildflowers

    coral hairstreak      

Tom Baker

    coral hairstreak      





Satyrium titus (Coral Hairstreak)
Allen Chartier
  Satyrium titus (Coral Hairstreak)  



Visitor Videos

Share your video of this insect.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.


Other Videos
  Coral Hairstreak (Lycaenidae: Satyrium titus) on Grass Blade
Carl Barrentine

Uploaded on Jul 11, 2009

Photographed at the Rydell NWR, Minnesota (11 July 2009). "The butterfly counts not / Months but moments / And has time enough." --Rabindranth Tagore




Visitor Sightings

Report a sighting of this insect.

  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at
Be sure to include a location.
  Dan W. Andree
July 2021

Location: Rural Norman Co. Mn.

coral hairstreak  
  Maureen Burkle

Location: Chester Woods Park, Chester MN, Olmsted County

coral hairstreak  
  Dave Schmiginsky

Location: Far Northeastern Kandiyohi County, MN

photographed in CRP among a wide variety of grasses and wildflowers

coral hairstreak  
  Dan W. Andree

Location: Frenchman’s Bluff Scientific and Natural Area in rural Norman Co. Mn

coral hairstreak  






Created: 10/11/2012

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © All rights reserved.