little glassywing

(Pompeius verna)

Conservation Status
little glassywing
Photo by John Shier
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SU - Unrankable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Little glassywing is a medium-sized grass skipper with a wingspan of 11 16 to 1½.

The upperside of the both wings is dark brownish-black. The forewing has a cluster of four spots near the center and a row of three smaller spots near the margin. The central cluster consists of one large semi-transparent spot with two smaller pale spots above it and one smaller pale spot below it. The large spot is rectangular on the male, square on the female. The semi-transparent spot is what gives this species its common name. The underside of both wings is dark brown. The underside of the hindwing has a central band of very pale spots.

The antennae are short and barred. Each antenna has a black swelling (club) at the tip; a white band just below the club; and a pale, thin, hooked extension (apiculus) at the end of the club.

The caterpillar is green with a black head. The thorax and abdomen are moderately covered with short brown hairs, each with a brown bulbous base. Mature caterpillars are seen in early spring.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Wingspan: 11 16 to 1½

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Northern broken-dash, Dun skipper, and little glassywing are called “the three witches” because their dark wings make it difficult to tell “which one is which.”

Dun skipper (Euphyes vestris) male has no pale spots on the forewing and no row of faint spots on the hindwing below. The female has only two pale spots on the forewing.

Northern broken-dash (Wallengrenia egeremet) has an orangish area on the leading edge of the forewing. The rectangular spot is smaller, orange or yellow, and not as square.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist woodland openings and edges, moist brushy fields near woodlands, wetland edges, roadsides. Always near trees.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

One brood: mid June to early August

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

Little glassywings often fly together with Dun skipper and northern broken-dash.

Like all skippers, they have a rapid, darting flight.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

Males perch on low vegetation after noon waiting for passing females. The female lays pale greenish to white eggs in the afternoon on the leaves of purpletop tridens. Caterpillars make a shelter by rolling one leaf or tying adjacent leaves together with silk. They live in their shelters, exiting only at night to feed. They overwinter in their shelters as partially grown larvae and pupate in their shelters in the spring.

 
     
 

Larva Hosts

 
 

Leaves of purpletop tridens (Tridens flavus var. flavus)

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Flower nectar of white, pink, and purple flowers, especially dogbane and milkweed. When those are not available, also nectar from yellow flowers.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

6, 7, 20, 21, 24, 29, 71.

 
  7/5/2015      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)  
 

Suborder

Glossata  
 

Infraorder

Neolepidoptera  
  Parvorder Heteroneura  
  No Rank Ditrysia  
  No Rank Obtectomera  
 

Superfamily

Papilionoidea (butterflies)  
 

Family

Hesperiidae (skippers)  
 

Subfamily

Hesperiinae (grass skippers)  
 

Tribe

Hesperiini  
 

Genus

Pompeius  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

little glassywing (Pompeius verna sequoyah)

little glassywing (Pompeius verna verna)

 
       
 

Skippers have traditionally been placed in their own superfamily Hesperioidea because of their morphological similarity. Recent phylogenetic analysis (Kawahara and Breinholt [2014]) suggests that they share the same common ancestor as other butterfly families, and thus belong in the superfamily, Papilionoidea.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Hesperia vetulina

Pamphila pottawattomie

Pamphila sigida

Polites sequoyah

Telesto sigida

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

little glassywing

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Apiculus

A thin hooked or pointed extension at the ends of each antenna just beyond the club of all skippers except skipperlings (subfamily Heteropterinae).

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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John Shier

 
  This photo was taken today, along the bike trail about 1 mile east of the Schaar's Bluff trailhead in Dakota County Parks.   little glassywing  
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  Little Glassywing
Dave Blinder
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 1, 2014

Filmed and edited in Morris County, New Jersey

Tamron SP 180mm Macro Lens
Canon EOS 7D

All footage and music is exclusive property of Dave Blinder.

 
  The Witches
Dick Walton
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 18, 2011

Dun Skipper, Little Glassywing, Northern Broken-Dash, Crossline Skipper, and Tawny-edged Skipper

 
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

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  Little Glassy Wing Butterfly
6/22/2021

Location: St. Francis, Anoka County

   
  John Shier
7/3/2015

Location: Schaar's Bluff, Dakota County

This photo was taken today, along the bike trail about 1 mile east of the Schaar's Bluff trailhead in Dakota County Parks.

It is a "little glassywing" skipper.  We only saw one.

Careful study of Butterflies through Binoculars East by Jeffrey Glassberg (NABA president) and also the material on the Wisconsin Butterflies site agree on this identification.  The Wisconsin site says it is fairly uncommon in WI.  Their map shows at least a few sightings in WI counties just east of the Twin Cities.  Their data shows that early July is when this species is seen.

little glassywing  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

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Created: 7/5/2015

Last Updated:

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