pipevine swallowtail

(Battus philenor)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

pipevine swallowtail

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Rare stray

Flight/Season

Two broods: late May to June, and July through August.

Habitat

Open woodland, woodland edges.

Size

2¾ to 5

 

Identification

On the underside of the hindwing there is a row of seven submarginal orange spots on an irridescent blue background.

 
Similar
Species

Eastern tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) black form female also has a submarginal row of spots but they lack the irridescent blue background.


Larval Food

Pipevines (Aristolochia spp.)

 
Adult Food

Flower nectar, including thistle, beebalm, lilac, phlox, dame’s rocket, vervain, and lupine.

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Range Map   Sources: 21, 29, 71.

Comments

Rare in Minnesota
Pipevine swallowtail is locally common in the south but rare to uncommon in much of the east. It is a rare stray to Minnesota. The caterpillars feed only on plants in the genus Aristolochia (pipevines). There are 23 species of pipevine in North America north of Mexico. Virginia snakeroot (Aristolochia serpentaria) is found in Iowa and woolly Dutchman’s pipe (Aristolochia tomentosa) is found in Wisconsin. No other Aristolochia species is found in Minnesota or a bordering state.


Taxonomy

Order:

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

 

Suborder:

Glossata

 

Infraorder:

Neolepidoptera

 

Parvorder:

Heteroneura

 

No Rank:

Ditrysia

 

No Rank:

Obtectomera

 

Superfamily:

Papilionoidea (butterflies)

 

Family:

Papilionidae (swallowtails)

 

Subfamily:

Papilioninae (swallowtails)

 

Tribe:

Troidini

 

Subtribe:

Battina

 
Subordinate Taxa

California pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor hirsuta)

pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor acauda)

pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor philenor)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

pipevine swallowtail


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  pipevine swallowtail   pipevine swallowtail
  These photos were taken in the butterfly garden at the Apple Valley Zoo.
       
     

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Other Videos

 
  Pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor) male
Christopher Stokes
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 23, 2013

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Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this species.

Kathie Myers
7/24/2015

Location: Champlin, MN

I’ve never seen this butterfly in my gardens before, but he was HUGE with a wing span close to 4”. I’ve been trying to get pics of him for my album, but I haven’t been able to get close enough with the camera. He is hovering around my lime smokebush, fragrant lilies, blue veronica and tiger lilies. If I am lucky enough to get a pic, I will post it…

So far this year, I have documented Red Admiral, Monarch, Yellow Swallowtail and now the pipevine swallowtail, with frequent visits from a widow dragonfly. So exciting to welcome this visitor into my gardens.


KJ Godfrey
8/1/2014

Location: Sauk Rapids, Benton County


     
     
 

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